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Android app testing automation best practices

With an ever increasing demand for Android smartphones and applications, Various brands and businesses continue to create more Android apps. This requires companies to ensure they provide a high-quality application to stay ahead in the competition. An application that has been developed from the end user’s perspective is always going to give the best experience. It requires companies to automate Android app testing methods to make sure the app remains on top.

Every application requires paying attention to the end-user experience. This will help companies to interpret the impression of the product. Therefore, mobile testing is the most crucial aspect of mobile app development. It allows companies to develop and ensure providing bug-free applications. However, as manual effort provided by QA engineers and testers can lead to making the process time-consuming and have chances of human errors, automated testing processes are in demand.

Generally, android testing is performed in two methods to help companies understand the scenario.

Methods of Android app testing:

 Manual effort and automated design.

Most organizations are using both these techniques, as they are essential when it comes to Android UI testing. There are several scenarios in mobile testing where automated testing tools cannot perform the tests. Several cases require manual analysis. However, some steps need repeated checking. Therefore, in such steps, using automated methodology can reduce the time required.

Best practices for Android app testing

  • Choose the test cases to automate effectively:

You will be able to understand automated testing success by determining the testing strategy. This will require an organization to properly create test automation plans for identifying the initial test cases, which serve as the groundwork for testing tools and future tests. When it comes to mobile app test automation, creating a proper plan is imperative to reduce the chances of disappointment.

The use cases or test cases are simulated situations where the user generally performs certain actions while using a specific app. There are typical test cases that can be automated and can be an excellent practice for organizations to ensure a great user experience while saving their time and money.

  • Critical test cases:

Chances are you have already chosen to run several tests manually as routine tests for checking the primary functionality of the application on a range of devices after updating. These are the preliminary tests that generally represent critical user flows. If these are not paid enough attention, it might lead to interrupted user experience and revenue generation.

Automating these tests can be a great start, as these are repeatedly executed and require frequent checking. Every organization needs to understand that they should conduct such tests after any change is made to the application. However, running these tasks manually can result in fatigue, attention errors, carelessness, and forgetting to check several steps, which makes it unreliable. In such situations, automated scripts can perform better.

  • Easy to automate test cases:

There are many easy-to-automate tests that will provide immediate and positive results. It requires an organization to combine priority workflows that are simple. This not only reduces the burden of maintenance for test automation but helps you to get repeated, clear and instant results every time after automated test execution.

  • Predictive results:

It is crucial for organizations to understand the need for proper planning according to the scenarios. Automating test cases that need sophisticated modeling, complex logic, and unpredictable user behavior is always recommended. This test tends to become complicated for maintaining an event for understanding.

When it is about finding suitable automated test cases, make sure you follow a particular formula.

  • Arrange data or conditions you require to examine
  • Act according to a specific granular feature.
  • Assert the Android app behaves in a particular way. You need to make sure that it was a successful test.

 Tedious manual test:

There is no doubt about the fact that when it comes to ensuring the quality of an Android app, testers or QA engineers require performing the same test 7 to 10 times. They need to check the same thing on different mobile devices before release or update. Therefore, it becomes impossible for a testing professional to maintain the same energy, focus, and consistency level.

On average, manual test cases have around 20 to 25 written steps that need a range of actions like data manipulation, login information, sequence of interaction, and judgment, where one requires deciding whether the app is performing the way it is supposed to. It is the right choice for automating tedious tests in such a scenario.

Test cases that cannot be performed manually:

There are many tests that are impossible to perform manually by humans. Even when you might think of performing it manually, it has an impractical setup that requires unreasonable setup. In such cases, the right choice is to find ways to simulate the condition by making use of API mocking. It helps to reuse different components and provides the best results. When you choose to automate Android app testing, it provides better ROI and makes it easy to perform the test.

Choosing the suitable device:

One of the essential aspects while starting Android application testing is deciding the devices you want to use for the testing. The selection is made to improve the satisfaction of the targeted customers. Some of the most common factors like form factors, screen resolution, and OS version are some of the most crucial aspects.

Device emulators tend to become a cost-effective choice, especially in the development phase. Organizations should always pay attention to real device testing in order to improve the result.

Ensure user experience:

When it comes to ensuring the mobile application, it is important for organizations to prioritize user experience. Since every platform has its own guideline, it is vital for you to make sure that the Android applications never fail to run seamlessly on the chosen platform.

Besides, testing the mobile app on different screen sizes and platforms, it is vital to ensure that the app looks consistent and feels similar across different platforms.


Mobile app test automation scenarios have become one of the commonly chosen approaches by most organizations. As there are several tedious processes that require doing similar things several times, selecting the best practices for Android app testing automation is always the best choice to acquire and deliver quality results.




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